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The Seminar in Ottoman and Turkish Studies presents Mehmet Kuru, University of Toronto

April 6, 2016 at 4:00 pm - 6:00 pm

The Seminar in Ottoman and Turkish Studies presents

Mehmet Kuru, University of Toronto

“Ecological and Demographic Transformation in Early Modern Ottoman Anatolia and its Impact on Agricultural Production in the 16th and 17th centuries”

Wednesday, 6 April 2016, 4:006:00 pm
Dept. of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, Conference Room (BF200B), 4 Bancroft Ave.

Abstract: This paper aims to reconsider the environmental circumstances and their impact on agricultural crops in early modern Ottoman Anatolia from the “heyday” to the “decline” of the Empire, covering roughly the period between the 1520s and the mid-17th century. Ottoman historians working on environmental or demographic history tend to accept without question two phenomena that supposedly caused social and demographic crises in the late 16th and early 17th centuries: an empire-wide demographic boom and climatic change. Based on an analysis of large-scale tax registers and recent research on contemporary climatic conditions, this paper argues that there were sharp regional divergences in relation to these developments. During the 16th century, inner Anatolia experienced a rapid increase in population and agricultural crop yield, while the Mediterranean coastal regions could not follow a similar pattern due to the negative impact of contemporary climatic conditions. These trajectories were reversed in the following period. While the population declined and crop failure occurred in inner Anatolia, the economy of western Anatolia was on the rise thanks to its peculiar regional ecological features in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.

Sponsored by
Centre for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies
Department of History
Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations

Mehmet Kuru SOTS 060416

Details

Date:
April 6, 2016
Time:
4:00 pm - 6:00 pm
Event Categories:
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Organizer

Venue

Dept. of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, Conference Room (BF200B)
4 Bancroft Ave., 2nd Floor
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1C1 Canada
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Phone
(416) 978-3306
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